Smart Meters are electric meters that allow two-way communication between your home and the electric utility’s facilities via a wireless network. The Smart Meters capture a limited set of data which includes home energy usage. The data is measured on average every 15 minutes, and stored locally on the meter. A few times a day the meter sends the stored data back to the utility via the wireless network.
The meter also sends alerts when power outages occur. The data received from the meters will also be used in an advanced computer system that will monitor and manage the supply of electricity to customers in local distribution lines.
The meters use low-energy radio frequency waves to transmit information. Smart Meters use the same bands as do many of the common, everyday devices such as baby monitors, portable phones, microwave ovens and medical devices.